From the YouTube Music Archives XXXI: Beethoven’s String Quartet No. 16 in F major

Beethoven’s String Quartet No. 16 in F major (Opus 135) was written in 1826 and was the last substantial work he finished. Only the last movement of the Quartet Op. 130, written as a replacement for the Große Fuge, was written later. It was premiered by the Schuppanzigh Quartet in March 1828.

Under the introductory slow chords in the last movement Beethoven wrote in the manuscript “Muss es sein?” (Must it be?) to which he responds, with the faster main theme of the movement, “Es muss sein!” (It must be!). The whole movement is headed “Der schwer gefaßte Entschluß” (The Difficult Decision). ~ wikipedia

When listening to the last compositions of Beethoven, it’s always worth keeping in mind that he was stone deaf when he wrote them. Here is the entire work as performed by the Hagen Quartet:

1. Allegretto
2. Vivace
3. Lento assai, cantante e tranquillo
4. “Der schwer gefaßte Entschluß:” Grave — Allegro — Grave ma non troppo tratto — Allegro


  1. Rufus McCain says

    Beautful. Thanks.

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